Asthma,Causes,Treatments and Symptoms

Asthma, Causes, Treatments and Symptoms

What is Asthma ?

Asthma, disorder of the respiratory system in which the passages that enable air to pass into and out of the lungs periodically narrow, causing coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. This narrowing is typically temporary and reversible, but in severe attacks, asthma may result in death. Asthma most commonly refers to bronchial asthma, an inflammation of the airways, but the term is also used to refer to cardiac asthma, which develops when fluid builds up in the lungs as a complication of heart failure. This article focuses on bronchial asthma.

Asthma, a disease of the respiratory system in which the ducts that allow air to enter and leave the lungs periodically narrow, causing coughing, wheezing and breathing difficulties. This narrowing is usually temporary and reversible, but in severe attacks, asthma can cause death. Asthma most commonly refers to bronchial asthma, an inflammation of the airways, but the term is also used to refer to cardiac asthma, which develops when fluid builds up in the lungs as a complication of heart failure.

More than 18 million Indians suffer from asthma.The prevalence of asthma has been estimated to range 3-38% in children and 2-12% in adults in India. Asthma occurs in men and women of all ages, ethnic groups and socioeconomic levels. As for owners of private services, asthma is more popular in cities and cities, in rural and industrial areas.

Asthma Causes

All lungs are sensitive to different things like pollen, air pollution or strong chemicals. In simple terms, people with asthma have lungs that are more sensitive than average.

Allergies: If you have allergies, you are also more likely to have asthma. This type of asthma often begins in children, but it can also occur in adults. common allergens (the things that cause allergies) are pollen from weeds, trees and grass, mold, cockroach droppings, dog or cat hair and dust mites. These can cause sneezing, wheezing, itchy eyes and runny nose. If the lungs are sufficiently irritated, allergens can cause an asthma attack.

Respiratory infections: Frequent pulmonary or sinus infections can also cause asthma. Infections can trigger longer episodes of wheezing or difficulty breathing than those of allergies. In fact, respiratory viruses are the most common cause of asthma attacks that are severe enough not to go to school or work.

How is Asthma Treated?

There is no cure for asthma. It is a chronic disease that can last a lifetime. The goal of asthma treatment is to keep it as symptom-free as possible. This includes being able to participate in normal activities, keeping low the use of rescue medicines (less than 4 doses per week), without symptoms day and night and eliminate school or work absenteeism due to asthma. . This goal can be achieved by most people with asthma.

Stay healthy: Eat nutritious foods and get regular exercise. Avoid people who smoke and those that may have an infection, especially a cold or the flu.

Avoiding triggers is your first defense against an asthma attack. Following are some triggers of asthma and its remedies. Making simple lifestyle changes to avoid asthma triggers can help a lot prevent attacks.

pollen (grass, trees, weeds): keep the doors closed.

dust mites (found in carpets, furniture, cushions): Use special covers for mattresses and cushions. Remove the carpets in the bedrooms. Wash the sand with very hot water.

Hair and animal hair: the removal of the pet is the best way to avoid the allergen of the pet. If you have pets, keep them away from the rooms and furniture.

Mold: take a dehumidifier to remove the mold. Avoid freshly cut grass.

environment (smoke, pollution, cold air): stop smoking and avoid smoking in all areas. Stay indoors when the air is poor. Cover your nose and mouth when it is cold.

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